Chennai ( ( concentrate); beforehand often called Madras ( concentrate) or ) is the executive centre of the Indian speak about of Tamil Nadu. On the Coromandel Coast off of the Bay of Bengal, it is among the major cultural, economical and academic centres in South India. Based mostly on the 2011 Indian census, it is the fifth-largest metropolis and fourth-most populous metropolitan agglomeration in India. The city alongside the adjoining components represent the Chennai Metropolitan Space, which is the 36th-largest metropolitan space by individuals on earth. Chennai is simply concerning the visited Indian areas by overseas vacationers. It was positioned 43rd most visited metropolis on the globe for time 2015. The grade of Dwelling Survey scored Chennai because the most secure metropolis in India. Chennai appeals to 45 % of well being holidaymakers going to India, and 30 to 40 % of native well being vacationers. Subsequently, it’s termed “India’s well being capital”. As an evergrowing metropolitan metropolis in a producing nation, Chennai confronts substantive air air pollution and different logistical and socio-economic issues.
Chennai skilled the third-largest expatriate individuals in India at 35,000 in ’09 2009, 82,790 in 2011 and projected at over 100,000 by 2016. Journey and leisure information writer Lonesome Planet referred to as Chennai among the many high ten metropolitan areas on earth to go to in 2015. Chennai is rated as a beta-level metropolis within the International Cities Index and was positioned the very best metropolis in India by India Right now within the 2014 twelve-monthly Indian metropolis examine. In 2015 Chennai was often called the “hottest” metropolis (worthwhile visiting, and worthy of shifting into for lasting) by the BBC, citing the mixture of each fashionable and conventional price. Nationwide Geographic rated Chennai’s meals as second greatest within the earth; it was the one Indian metropolis to characteristic within the record. Chennai was additionally referred to as the ninth-best cosmopolitan metropolis on earth by Lonely Total world. In Oct 2017, Chennai was put into the UNESCO Inventive Locations Community (UCCN) record due to its wealthy musical customized.
The Chennai Metropolitan Space is among the most important metropolis economies of India. Chennai is nicknamed “The Detroit of India”, with a rise of than one-third of India’s auto trade being situated within the metropolis. The city additionally shops India’s Tamil (Kollywood) movie trade. In January 2015, it was positioned third in circumstances of per capita GDP. Chennai has been picked among the many 100 Indian metropolitan areas to be developed as an excellent metropolis underneath PM Narendra Modi’s flagship Sensible Metropolitan areas Mission.